October 12, 2018
Lost in the haze of President Trump’s Oct. 11 bizarre news conference with rapper Kanye West, was the president signing into law the Music Modernization Act, passed unanimously by Congress in September.
Officially known as the “Orrin G. Hatch – Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act of 2018,” the legislation simplifies the “mechanical license” required for “musical composition” (music and lyrics) and sound recordings from record labels played on subscription music streaming services such as Spotify, Apple Music, Pandora and Amazon Prime Music, among others.
Before passage of the law, streaming music services were required to complete license forms for each song placed on their platforms – upwards of 10,000 titles per day.
Now, a new licensing agency will be established within the U.S. Copyright Office offering music services a blanket mechanical license to stream content. The agency will keep track of music streams and in turn pay royalties to rights holders.
The bill also allows for royalties to artists and songwriters for songs written prior to 1972. It also, for the first time, will afford compensation for a song’s producer played on satellite radio and online music service.
“There’s a lot more that needs to be done here,” said Kid Rock, who attended the bill’s signing. “We need to go after the record labels next, and things like free goods. But this is a great start to protect songwriters, producers, engineers — the unsung heroes behind many of these songs that go out there. People like [me], who are maybe more at the top of the food chain, it really doesn’t affect as much. But I know many people it does affect.”