Footlight Parade


Available via Warner Archive;
$21.99 Blu-ray;
Not rated.
Stars James Cagney, Joan Blondell, Ruby Keeler, Dick Powell. 

Footlight Parade was 1933’s third Busby Berkeley extravaganza released by Warner Bros. in a seven-month period, but this one had a surprise. Of all people, given his screen-gangster resumé, here was James Cagney headlining a cast of Berkeley musical regulars — and not faking it.

Cagney actually had a chorus-boy background, but it’s doubtful that many moviegoers knew this. Nor is that exactly common knowledge today, given the unexpected delight his appearance here still holds for some viewers — something it might do to even a larger degree were it not for the following decade’s Yankee Doodle Dandy, where his footwork is all over the place. As one of the interviewees says on a Blu-ray supplemental featurette carried over from the old Footlight DVD, it’s likely that the George M. Cohan biopic wouldn’t even have gone to Cagney had it not been for the earlier picture’s success (apparently, Fred Astaire was initially No. 1 on the studio YDD wish list).

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The Footlight story hook deals with “prologues” — or those short live stage productions that once preceded movie presentations but only in the largest cities (I doubt that any character in God’s Little Acre ever saw one). They were before my time, but I assume they were precursors to the Rocketettes et. al. at Radio City. In any event, Cagney plays a director of Broadway musicals who’s struggling his way toward unemployment because the public is no longer buying Broadway musicals — a drought/reality that also took down the movie musical for a while early in the Depression until Berkeley’s 42nd Street revitalized them (1933 was also the year of Astaire’s first screen appearance with Ginger Rogers).

Of course, this being Berkeley, the net result — in a bang-bang-bang finale of three consecutive classic numbers — couldn’t possibly be presented on stage because the theater audiences watching them wouldn’t benefit from or even be privy to the quick cutting, panning shots and the overhead photography synonymous with the famed dance director’s name. I can also just see sweaty crew members (and, by the way, who could pay that many bodies, stagehand labor union demands or not?), hauling the water tank in “By a Waterfall” from theater to theater on a tight time deadline. They’d have filed a grievance the very first day, Depression or not.

Other than as an amusing footnote, none of this matters in the least because we’re hardly dealing in reality here (Warner saved that in ’33 for Heroes for Sale and Wild Boys of the Road). Nor would anyone wish this of a musical, especially one with a predominantly Al Dubin-Harry Warren score. Still, there’s an undercurrent of financial Bad Times that pervades the Berkeley/Warners cycle — though less here because the emphasis is on other things. Among them: Cagney’s relationship with his shady producers (somehow, you now that Guy Kibbee is going to be one of them); a romantic tug-o-war involving him, a faithful assistant (Joan Blondell) and sexy snake (Claire Dodd); some pre-Code risqueness involving a dopey house censor (Hugh Herbert); and a typically antiseptic romance between Dick Powell and Ruby Keeler (though there’s indication that Powell’s character has been a kept man in his previous life). Naturally, Keeler wears glasses in the early scenes so that we can later have the obligatory scene where she removes them to instantly up her cutie quotient.

Lloyd Bacon was an even more anonymous director than Mervyn LeRoy, who at least did several good-or-better pictures before his quality output went to hell after World War II through his career swan-song in 1966. (That was with Moment by Moment, and I remember Ed Sullivan touting it on his show by asking LeRoy to stand up in the audience, whereupon Ed told the nation the movie was “just great”). He did the first two (Golddiggers of 1933 was the other one) and Bacon did Parade of the ’33 “Berkeley’s” — which is how everybody terms them.

This is because the trio’s non-musical portions are high-end water-treading that live or die on pacing and energy, which admittedly all three pictures do get — though the casts (all the way down to the smaller roles) have a lot to with this. But it’s kind of like the night I saw the Flying Karamazov Brothers open for Frank Sinatra: You’re kind of waiting for the Main Event, no matter how impressive it is to see guys juggling flaming sticks.

The three-number finale here almost looks as if it sets out to have one number top the last, and maybe this was even true. As director John Landis says in the featurette, the table-setting “Honeymoon Hotel” number is “playful” as opposed to salacious, though I personally wouldn’t care to know what Billy Barty (who shows up out of left field in the number wearing a mischievous grin and not a whole lot else) is actually doing in such a no-tell establishment. Playful or not, I wonder if the number would have gotten by even a year later after the Production Code got its teeth just a year later. After that, Andy Hardy couldn’t even find a gas station restroom in which to buy a damned condom so he could have sex in his Honeymoon Jalopy.

“By a Waterfall” is one visual marvel after another, including the overhead shot that turns chorines into an undulating snake (the bit kind of creeps me out, to tell you the truth). I don’t know if the studio had to build a tank or if there was one left over from the studio’s 1930 Moby Dick or something, but the number looks as if it cost a fortune whose green-lit expenditure must have gotten by the Brothers/bean counters thanks to the box office success of Footlight’s two predecessors. Then comes climactic “Shanghai Lil,” which is the film’s (and Cagney’s) big finale — though I like how Bacon and Berkeley initially keep us in suspense so that we’re not quite certain at first who will spearhead the number. This is after the sap hired to do so tries warming up his cold feet backstage with too much booze.

The opening panning shot down what must be one of the world’s longest saloon bars features a variety of ethnicities, though it should be said that these are not exactly Nobel Laureates. Keeler, in all three numbers, is decked out in Chinese makeup as Lil, and you just have to go with the flow. Beyond not inconsiderable camp considerations, hers is a stardom I never really understood, though you can’t say she wasn’t a trooper. In keeping with her casting here, which is no longer politically correct, the disc’s bonus section provides context by including an array of early Warner Bros. cartoons from the era that no longer appeal to anyone but those with wickedly freewheeling senses of humor (though there are still a few million of those).

The Blu-ray is so sharp that I eyeballed its later scenes thinking that both Powell and Keeler must have been to some Southern California beach shortly before Bacon rolled the camera unless Jack Warner’s shallow pockets (water ballets apparently aside) found a way to spring for a sunlamp. One of the continuing movie marvels for me is how Powell evolved from being a sappy tenor to one of my favorite actors of all time — after, that is, he toughened up to became a film noir titan beginning with his gutsy casting as Philip Marlowe in 1944’s Murder, My Sweet, where he had to concern himself with being bench-pressed by Mike Mazurki. I think it was the greatest comeback or image switcheroo in Hollywood history, more impressive even than Sinatra’s. But whenever his singing mouth opens here, I just can’t suppress a giggle — though it’s a testimony to the charm of these films that it’s an affectionate one.

Mike’s Picks: ‘Footlight Parade’ and ‘Wild in the Country’

Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?


Available via;
Twilight Time;
$29.95 Blu-ray;
Not rated.
Stars Tony Randall, Jayne Mansfield, Betsy Drake, Joan Blondell, Lisa Gaye.

Refashioned and directed by Frank Tashlin from a George Axelrod play whose Hollywood slant Tashlin then modified toward Madison Avenue, Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? is of a piece with Tashlin’s The Girl Can’t Help It — minus, of course, that immediate predecessor’s showcasing of Fats Domino, Little Richard, Eddie Cochran and Edmond O’Brien’s timeless vocal of Rock Around the Rock Pile. Returning, though, in CinemaScope is Jayne Mansfield, again parodying herself and Marilyn Monroe in roughly equal measure as a buxom movie star recruited to headline a struggling agency’s commercials for Stay-Put Lipstick.

Both of these romps from 20th Century-Fox were and are of additional piece with Tashlin’s Martin & Lewis duo Artists and Models and Hollywood or Bust at Paramount, making for a remarkable satirical quartet that must have kept the onetime Warner Bros. animator as personally bonkers as anything he put on the screen during a remarkable frenzy of mammaries, mugging, electric pigments and garish art direction spanning late 1955 through mid-1957. In consecutive big-screen order, Tashlin managed to spoof the ’50s comic book craze, movie mania/fan culture, the then recent rock-and-roll explosion and, here, the New York ad biz. In terms of overall attitude and visual style, all four comedies suggest a family picnic of unbridled adolescent siblings, though even with DVD (Rock Hunter is the first to get a Blu-ray release), one can easily discern the embarrassing superiority of Paramount’s VistaVision and Technicolor over Fox’s CinemaScope and DeLuxe.

Putting all this aside, RH is an engaging romp and one of Tashlin’s best, though it’s also true that he made more funny movies than a lot of stick-in-the-muds will tell you (check out his cruelly undervalued black-and-white directorial debut The First Time just to prime the pump). As has been been noted before — and NYU film prof Dana Polan gets into this some on his rather academic commentary carried over from the long-ago DVD release — Tashlin both gooned on ’50s pop cultural vulgarity while also seeming to wallow in it. Depending on one’s mindset, this was either a sign of creative confusion or a brilliant conceit, but suffice it to say that were RH a car, its tail fins would rival those on a ’58 Caddy. The keenly nuanced “Mad Men” this isn’t, but I still snorted a lot of chuckles on this new go-round.

As an even more manic version of the kind of college-graduated postwar go-getters that the young Jack Lemmon sometimes came to typify, Tony Randall plays a struggling agency copywriter named Rockwell Hunter who gets the idea to go after — that is, professionally — Mansfield’s “Rita Marlowe.” The creative impetus is Randall’s live-in teenaged niece (Lisa Gaye), who, as a Marlowe fan club president, joins the mob of fans greeting the star’s splashy plane arrival at New York’s Idlewild (before its name-switch to JFK) — an airport where my 10-year-old self spotted John Huston standing around in conversation about six months after this movie came out. As Polan notes, these scenes anticipated the Beatles’ circus-like JFK landing by seven years, so substantial pop-culture credit is due here. (In a simpatico coincidence, RH — which previously saw a Masters of Cinema Region B release in Britain — is getting its American Blu-ray premiere just as Criterion is issuing Robert Zemeckis’s I Wanna Hold Your Hand for its own high-def consumption.)

Akin to Dean Martin’s “Dino” characterization in Billy Wilder’s Kiss Me, Stupid, Rita Marlowe isn’t playing precisely Jayne Mansfield but a celebrity who has still somehow starred in all of the Mansfield movies of the day: The Girl Can’t Help It (which had come out the previous Christmas); The Wayward Bus (which had been out about two months); and the coming Christmas’s Kiss Them for Me. All get on-screen plugs here, as does Fred Zinnemann’s grimly earnest A Hatful of Rain, which Polan’s commentary pegs as an attempt to show the Gaye character suddenly taking on uncharacteristically lofty intellectual ambitions by attending “pretentious” fare at the movies. Though one of Zinnemann’s few underperforms of the period, I’ve never before heard imperfect Rain referred to as pretentious; it’s merely the film that Fox was shipping out to theaters in July of ’57, though I suppose RH could have plugged Island in the Sun instead. Hell, even studio contractee Debra Paget gets an on-screen shout-out here, possibly because she was actress Gaye’s real-life sister.

In any event, this is one of those relatively rare movies where product placement is less irritating than ticklish (and now nostalgically ticklish); after all, advertising is the theme of the day here. The story’s other main concern is the way Hunter/Randall’s wholly concocted romance with a Hollywood sex symbol affects his engagement to a co-worker (Betsy Drake, seen here in the middle of her real-life marriage to Cary Grant). A key subplot is the intimidated attempt of Drake’s character to exercise her way into a bustier appearance closer to that of a love rival who really isn’t. Ironically, Drake’s trim figure is now far closer to the ideal of femme physical attractiveness than yesterday’s va-va-voom.

This said, Mansfield was a more skilled comic performer than anyone said or thought at the time. Polan is very astute on the commentary when he talks about how the actress was savvy and smart enough to play along with pretending to be someone more vapid than she really was (but with a wink) — though maybe not smart and savvy enough to realize that she was still being exploited by a cruel industry that didn’t take very long to throw her away. About two months before this movie came out, Mansfield was on a memorable “Ed Sullivan Show” that was even more cornucopia-like than usual: Jack Webb promoting The D.I. for gyrenes; Dolores Grey for gay guys; Sam Snead for golfers; and even unearthed vocalist Gene Austin (father of ‘B’-movie actress Charlotte) whose Victor recording of “My Blue Heaven” had been one of the biggest waxings of the 1920s. On it, the classically trained Mansfield played violin — a far cry from her twilight screen appearances in the likes of Panic Button, The Fat Spy, Las Vegas Hillbillies and Single Room Furnished before her grisly death at 34 in a Louisiana auto/tractor-trailer mishap.

One pop-culture bonus here is the appearance of muscleman and onetime Mansfield husband Mickey Hargitay in funny scene, thus affording viewers the chance to see the real-life parents of “Law & Order: SVU” star Mariska Hargitay’s in the same movie, though not in the same frame. Cast as a big-screen jungle he-man who’s Rita’s boyfriend before she meets Rockwell, Hargitay goes one better on the speculative jokes people used to throw out about Sean Connery’s supposed chest toupee in the James Bond movies. In this case, Hargitay’s Tarzan clone sports one for real — and even yanks out some of the hairs when being interviewed. Apparently, he doesn’t care about selling his image, which puts him at amusing odds with many of this comedy’s supporting go-getters.