After a slow start, Netflix France has topped five million subscribers despite alienating exhibitors ignoring local theatrical windows for original movies.
To combat Netflix, Amazon Prime Video and over-the-top video distribution in general, French broadcasters are increasing their investment in local original productions.
Last year, the country’s top broadcasters — France Télévisions, Canal+, TF1, M6 and Orange — spent €5.4 billion ($6.1 billion) on content, with over 40% of that spending dedicated to original programming, according to new data from Ampere Analysis.
At the end of May, 106 new local shows were in development or production, while Netflix is currently producing 15 new TV shows for the French market.
“French consumers are adopting digital TV subscriptions quickly, and the local broadcasters know they must respond fast if they are to protect their revenues in a changing media landscape,” analyst Léa Cunat said in a statement.
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While increased competition from OTT services has French broadcasters on the defensive, proactively engaging in content production in the face of waning advertising revenue and budget cuts has some operators rethinking their business models.
As a result, licensing third-party content has given way to original productions. This strategy offers two significant benefits, according to Ampere: monetizable IP portfolios and a diversified revenue stream.
Pay TV group Canal+ launched a new SVOD service in March – Canal+ Séries – dedicated to a younger audience, supported by shows such as “Mouche,” a reboot of the BBC’s “Fleabag”.
TF1 just announced plans to further enhance its TVOD platform, MyTF1, with new advertising inventory and new exclusive content.
France Télévisions is focusing on international partnerships with other broadcasting groups to help support its local content investments.
Orange created a new division – Orange Content – merging pay-TV operations with the film division to produce original episodic programming. Literary adaptation The Name of the Rose was the first original show to air, broadcast in March.
Ampere says SVOD represented only 3% of France’s €14 billion ($15.8 billion) audiovisual market in 2018.
France’s OTT market lags a number of its peers – including Scandinavia, the U.K. and the U.S. – but digital subscriptions are growing rapidly.
To tap into this growth broadcasters France Télévisions, TF1 and M6 announced the creation of Salto, a new SVOD platform set to launch later this year.
Offered alongside their free channels, Salto will provide TV shows and exclusive content with an emphasis on French and European productions.
Through this new service, the broadcasters aim to generate revenue from subscriptions and maintain control over content rights following their initial broadcast window.
For instance, France Télévisions has said it will cease licensing the French digital rights of “Call My Agent!” to Netflix and has signed an exclusivity time period on digital rights for the shows it co-produces or commissions.
“With increasing competition from international behemoths Netflix and Prime Video, there’s no shortage of tactics and strategies being employed to stay in the game,” Cunat said. “It’s a fascinating market to watch as it transforms.”
Indeed, French broadcasters are looking abroad to grow key markets, including Africa where Canal+ has more than 4 million subscribers across 25 countries. This market has a rapidly expanding middle class with growing disposable income, which makes it particularly appealing.
Once again, the broadcasters have taken different approaches to international expansion.
Canal+’s production arm StudioCanal launched a new TV production unit in February 2018, dedicated to creating premium original content for an international audience.
Canal+ also produces content dedicated to its foreign local markets: “Invisibles” was released in October 2018, the broadcaster’s first African original series, a market the broadcaster has earmarked for growth.
The pay-TV operator also collaborates at an international level and has worked on the U.S. remake of its original “Calls” with Apple TV+ and “Safe” with Netflix via a U.K.-based subsidiary.
TF1 is increasing its investment in European creation via Newen, a global production company it acquired in 2015. It has also bought stakes in European production houses in Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark. Shows created by these companies include “Versailles,” “Ares” and “The Bridge”.
France Télévisions partnered with Italian broadcaster RAI and German broadcaster ZDF to fund and produce TV series for domestic and international audiences. Projects announced thus far include “Leonardo” and “Around the World in Eighty Days”.